Friday, December 4, 2015

Foundation | Makeup Part 2 | Back to Basics

Next up on the Makeup Back to Basics series is foundation. Foundation is a used to give you a "blank" canvas to work on.

When I was younger all I liked to do was fun makeup looks on the eyes, but now that I have experience with makeup, I really enjoy the skin part of makeup a little more. Being able to enhance the appearance of my skin with makeup is what it is all about. Playing with makeup should be fun. Don't take it too seriously, it washes right off.

I will be talking about how to apply foundation and what kind of foundations are out there to use.

There are a few different products for foundation. They all are meant to do the same thing, evening out the skint tone. These are the foundations that are out there for us, the customer, to use and enjoy. Choosing one of these formulas is going to depend on your skin type, your preference, and the amount of time you are willing to put into the process.

Liquid Foundation
Liquid foundation is the most common foundation product that is used. It is in liquid form and you can use a brush, a sponge, or your fingers to apply this makeup. The great thing about liquid foundation is the ability to mix two or more of them together to get the perfect shade.
This makeup you can get at the drugstore for less than $15 or you can get a high end foundation that could cost you over $100 sometimes. The key to this is trying out different brands and finishes until you find one that fits you the best.

Speaking of finishes, liquid foundation comes in a range of finishes that you also need to be aware of. There is the matte finish, this is great for people with oily skin because it wont give you any more shine. A matte finish foundation would also be good for people that have larger pores because light won't reflect off the large pores making them more visible.

Another finish is dewy or luminous. This finish is perfect for people with dry skin. This will make your skin look dewy and healthy.

You might also find the foundations that are long-wearing. This means that they are designed to stay on the skin far longer that a regular foundation. These are usually matte, and they set up on the skin quickly after applying it. These foundations are great to use for special events.
Depending on your skin type and your preference that is going to determine what foundation you need to pick. For example I have combination skin, (this means I get oily in my T-zone, but the rest of my face stays normal) but I still like to use a foundation that has a luminous finish because I always set my foundation with a face powder-I switch between a loose setting powder and a light powder foundation. So even though I have an oily T-zone, since I powder my face I can get away with using a foundation with a dewy finish.

Powder Foundation
Powder foundation comes in the form of a powder, it can come in a compact as a pressed powder or it can also coma as a loose powder in a pot. This type of foundation doesn't really have different finishes on the skin because they are powders, it's just going to look matte.
This foundation is great to use when you want to apply the foundation and be done quickly. You don't have to be too careful when applying a powder foundation.

Powder foundation usually gives a medium to full coverage, because you can also apply more layers for additional coverage.
You can apply a powder foundation with a powder puff, a large brush or a makeup sponge.
The only thing that is different with a powder foundation, if this is the only base product you will apply (meaning you're not using it to set a liquid foundation) then you have to go in with primer and concealer before you apply the powder foundation. One of the biggest rules in makeup is that you don't put cream products on top of powder products. What would happen is that the cream product will basically remove the powder product and then you will have a patch of skin with no makeup on it. So try to avoid mixing powders and cream products.

Cream Foundation
Cream foundations are basically a mix between a liquid and a powder. It's much thicker than a liquid foundation, but it is still wet and creamy. This is another great option for people that want a slightly heavier coverage. This foundation can be applied using a brush, your fingers, or even a makeup sponge.
There are also cream foundations that have a cream to powder finish formula. With a product like that you don't have to set the base because it sets itself.

Foundation Coverage
There are some foundations that are made to go on the skin very sheer, and only give a light wash of color. Foundations like this will say things like lightweight or sheer. This can also include BB creams and CC creams. This is perfect for people that don't need a lot of coverage, but still want to use a foundation. This foundation works amazingly in the summer months when you don't want heavy makeup on the skin.

There are also foundations that are medium coverage. These foundations will give you a bit more coverage than a sheer formula, but it wont be extreme. Most of the time you could even apply more layers of a medium coverage foundation to achieve more coverage or even full coverage. These layers will still feel light on the skin because the foundation isn't thick to begin with. I love wearing medium coverage foundation on a day to day basis to go to work or to be out and about.

The last type of coverage is full coverage. These sort of foundations tend to be really thick and very pigmented. Usually with one layer of a full coverage foundation you should get an almost perfect skin finish. This can sometimes be used to heavily and make the skin look cakey. Full coverage is great for special events, or photo-shoots, or if you will be in front of the camera.

Thanks for checking out this post!

Check out my previous post here:

Primer | Makeup Part 1 | Back To Basics

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